• I Like Jaffa Cakes !!

    McVitie’s entire line of Jaffa cakes are produced in the United Kingdom at the McVitie’s factory in Stockport. The Jaffa cake production area covers an acre (4,000 m2) and includes a production line over a mile (1.6 km) long which sits on the Stockport side of the site’s boundary with Manchester. Because of the nature of the product – having multiple components of cake, chocolate covering and jam – special hardware accelerators were devised to allow rapid computer inspection of 20 products per second, taking place under four symmetrically placed lights. Although Jaffa cakes are usually orange flavour, limited edition flavours have been available, such as lemon-and-lime, strawberry and blackcurrant. In the United Kingdom, value added tax is payable on chocolate-covered biscuits, but not on chocolate-covered cakes. McVities defended its classification of Jaffa Cakes as cakes at a VAT tribunal in 1991, against the ruling that Jaffa cakes were biscuits due to their size and shape, and the fact that they were often eaten in place of biscuits. McVities insisted that the product was a cake, and allegedly produced a giant Jaffa cake in court to illustrate its point. Jaffa Cakes are biscuit-sized cakes introduced by McVitie and Price in the UK in 1927 and named after Jaffa oranges. The most common form of Jaffa cakes are circular, 2 1?8 inches (54 mm) in diameter and have three layers: a Genoise sponge base, a layer of orange flavoured jam and a coating of chocolate. Jaffa cakes are also available as bars or in small packs, and in larger and smaller sizes. The original Jaffa Cakes come in packs of 12, 24 or 36. Because McVitie’s did not trademark the name “Jaffa Cakes”, other biscuit manufacturers and supermarkets have made similar products under the same name.

    You can actually make your own Jaffa cake, you will need…For the cake. 2 free-range eggs – 50g/2oz caster sugar – 50g/2oz plain flour, sieved. For the filling. 1 x 135g/4¾oz packet orange jelly, chopped – 1 tbsp orange marmalade – 125ml/4½fl oz boiling water – 200g/7oz good quality dark chocolate, minimum 70 per cent cocoa solids, broken into pieces. First Preheat the oven to 180C/350F/Gas 4. Starting with the cakes, bring a little water to the boil in a pan, then reduce the heat until the water is simmering. Suspend a heatproof bowl over the water (do not allow the base of the bowl to touch the water). Add the eggs and sugar to the bowl and beat continuously for 4-5 minutes, or until the mixture is pale, fluffy and well combined. Add the flour, beating continuously, until a thick, smooth batter forms. Half-fill each well in a 12-hole muffin tin with the cake batter. Transfer the tin to the oven and bake the cakes for 8-10 minutes, or until pale golden-brown and cooked through (the cakes are cooked through when a skewer inserted into the centre of the cakes comes out clean.) Remove from the oven and set the cakes aside, still in their tray, until cool. then for the filling, in a bowl, mix together the jelly, marmalade and boiling water until the jelly has dissolved and the mixture is smooth. Pour the filling mixture into a shallow-sided baking tray or large dish to form a 1cm/½in layer of jelly. Set aside until completely cooled, then chill in the fridge until set. When the jelly has set and the cakes have cooled, cut small discs from the layer of jelly, equal in diameter to the cakes. Sit one jelly disc on top of each cake. You then bring a little water to the boil in a pan, then reduce the heat until the water is simmering. Suspend a heatproof bowl over the water (do not allow the base of the bowl to touch the water). Add the chocolate and stir until melted, smooth and glossy, then pour over the cakes. Set aside until the melted chocolate has cooled and set. They probable will not look like the original Jaffa cake, but you will see some similarities, you made need some time and practice to make them look the same.

    The market leaders in Jaffa Cakes are McVities, but McVitie’s Jaffa Cakes are not the only kind you can find. Most supermarkets do their own make of Jaffa Cake, and we are sure there must be many other places to buy them. Why not leave a comment below if you can recommend to our readers a particularly delicious type of Jaffa Cake? Jaffa Cakes are a type of cake but they actually look more like biscuits. This has lead to some controversy about whether Jaffa Cakes are cakes or biscuits. A Jaffa Cake is a bit smaller than a Mcvities digestive biscuit, but is definitely not like other Mcvities biscuits. It is a type of very light and airy sponge, topped with a type of orange jelly, which is covered with dark chocolate. One Jaffa Cake contains just 45 calories. That’s just 375 calories per 100g. So how can you burn calories from Jaffa cakes? Calories can be burnt easily. The number of calories in a Jaffa Cake is the same number of calories burned in just ten minutes of brisk walking. Jaffa Cakes are a good way to have a tasty treat that is low in calories. But the other great thing about the nutrition facts for Jaffa Cakes is that one Jaffa Cake contains just one gram of fat! That’s just 1.5% of the recommended daily intake for fat for an adult, there are 8.4 grams of carbohydrates, that’s 70 grams of carbs per 100 grams of Jaffa Cakes. And Jaffa Cakes also have protein: 0.5 grams per Jaffa Cake. The last of these important nutrition facts is the about the fibre. Jaffa cakes have 2 grams of fibre per 100 grams.


  • The Rise of (On Demand) TV Networks

    Television VOD systems can either “stream” content through a set-top box, a computer or other device, allowing viewing in real time, or download it to a device such as a computer, digital video recorder (also called a personal video recorder) or portable media player for viewing at any time. The majority of cable- and telephone company-based television providers offer both VOD streaming, free content, whereby a user buys or selects a movie or television program and it begins to play on the television set almost instantaneously, or downloading to a digital video recorder (DVR) rented or purchased from the provider, or downloaded onto a PC or to a portable device, for viewing in the future. Internet television, using the Internet, is an increasingly popular form of video on demand. VOD can also be accessed via desktop client applications such as the Apple iTunes online content store. Some airlines offer VOD as in-flight entertainment to passengers through individually controlled video screens embedded in seatback so or armrests or offered via portable media players. Some video on demand services, such as Netflix, use a subscription model that requires users to pay a monthly fee to access a bundled set of content, which is mainly movies and TV shows. Other services use an advertising-based model, where access is free. Video on demand (display) (VOD) are systems which allow users to select and watch/listen to video or audio content such as movies and TV shows when they choose to, rather than having to watch at a specific broadcast time, which was the prevalent approach with over-the-air broadcasting during much of the 20th century. IPTV technology is often used to bring VOD to televisions and personal computers. Downloading and streaming video on demand systems provide the user with all of the features of Portable media players and DVD players. Some VOD systems that store and stream programs from hard disk drives use a memory buffer to allow the user to fast forward and rewind digital videos. It is possible to put video servers on local area networks, in which case they can provide very rapid response to users. Cable companies have reeled out their own versions of video on demand services through apps, allowing for TV access anywhere where there is a device that is internet compatible. In addition to cable services launching apps that offer on demand video, they have combined it with offering live streaming services as well. The recent launches of apps from cable companies usually have the phrases “go” or “watch” are attempts to compete with Subscription Video on Demand (SVOD) services since they lack having live news, sports, etc. Streaming video servers can also serve a wider community via a WAN, in which case the responsiveness may be reduced. Download VOD services are practical to homes equipped with cable modems or DSL connections. Servers for traditional cable and telco VOD services are usually placed at the cable head-end serving a particular market as well as cable hubs in larger markets. In the telco world, they are placed in either the central office, or a newly created location called a Video Head-End Office (VHO).

    The first video on demand (VOD) systems used tapes as the realtime source of video streams. GTE started as a trial in 1990 with AT&T providing all components. By 1992 VOD servers were supplying previously encoded digital video from disks and DRAM. In the US the 1982 anti-trust break-up of AT&T resulted in a number of smaller telephone companies called Baby Bells. Following this the Cable Communications Policy Act of 1984 prohibited telephone companies from providing video services within their operating regions. In 1993 the National Communication and Information Infrastructure (NII) was proposed and passed by the US House and senate, thus opening the way for the seven Baby Bells Ameritech, Bell Atlantic, BellSouth, NYNEX, Pacific Telesis, Southwestern Bell and U S WEST to implement VOD systems. All of these companies and others began holding trials to set up systems for supplying video on demand over telephone and cable lines. In November 1992 Bell Atlantic announced a VOD trial. IBM was developing video server code-named Tiger Shark. Concurrently Digital Equipment was developing a scalable video server (configured from small to large for a range of video streams). Bell Atlantic selected IBM and April 1993 the system became the first VOD over ADSL to be deployed outside the lab, serving 50 video streams. The BBC, ITV and Channel 4 planned to launch a joint platform provisionally called Kangaroo in 2008. At the January 2010 Consumer Electronic Show in Las Vegas, Sezmi CEO Buno Pati and president Phil Wiser showed a set-top box with a one-terabyte hard drive which could be used for video on demand services previously offered through cable TV or broadband. A movie, for example, could be sent out once using a broadcast signal, rather than numerous times over cable or fiber-optic lines, and this would not involve the expense of adding many miles of lines. Sezmi planned to lease broadcast spectrum to offer a subscription service which National Association of Broadcasters president Gordon H. Smith said would provide a superior picture to that of cable or satellite, at a lower cost.

    Although video on demand generally refers to delivery mechanisms operating in accordance with applicable laws, the motivation for the development of video on demand services can be traced back to peer-to-peer (P2P) networking and the development of file sharing software. These innovations proved that it was technically possible to offer the consumer potentially every film ever made, in a way which does not burden the original provider with the linear costs associated with centralised streaming media. Some P2P services offered movies and TV shows without having paid for the rights. Torrenting is a popular alternative to legal streaming. A growing number of TV stations offer “catch-up TV” as a way for viewers to watch TV shows though their VOD service hours or even days after the original television broadcast. This enables viewers to watch a program when they have free time, even if this is not when the program was originally aired. Some studies show that catch up TV is starting to represent a large amount of the views and hours watched, and that users tend to watch catch up TV programs for longer, when compared to live TV (e.g., regular scheduled broadcast TV). Subscription VOD (SVOD) services use a subscription business model, where subscribers are charged a daily, weekly, monthly, or yearly fee to access unlimited programs. These services include, Now TV, Netflix, Amazon Video, TVPlayer, Hulu Plus. SVOD services have drawn a lot of attention for their role in films. As of June 2017, Netflix is expected to add nearly 40 original movies to it’s platform.


  • Do We Really Need Gadgets ?

    A gadget is a small tool such as a machine that has a particular function, but is often thought of as a novelty. The origins of the word “gadget” trace back to the 19th century. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, there is anecdotal (not necessarily true) evidence for the use of “gadget” as a placeholder name for a technical item whose precise name one can’t remember since the 1850s; with Robert Brown’s 1886 book Spunyarn and Spindrift, A sailor boy’s log of a voyage out and home in a China tea-clipper containing the earliest known usage in print. A widely circulated story holds that the word gadget was “invented” when Gaget, Gauthier & Cie, the company behind the repoussé construction of the Statue of Liberty (1886), made a small-scale version of the monument and named it after their firm; however this contradicts the evidence that the word was already used before in nautical circles, and the fact that it did not become popular, at least in the USA, until after World War I. Other sources cite a derivation from the French gâchette which has been applied to various pieces of a firing mechanism, or the French gagée, a small tool or accessory. The first atomic bomb was nicknamed the gadget by the Scientists the Manhattan Project, tested at the Trinity site. In the software industry, “Gadget” refers to computer programs that provide services without needing an independent application to be launched for each one, but instead run in an environment that manages multiple gadgets. There are several implementations based on existing software development techniques, like JavaScript, form input, and various image formats. The earliest documented use of the term gadget in context of software engineering was in 1985 by the developers of AmigaOS, the operating system of the Amiga computers (intuition.library and also later gadtools.library). It denotes what other technological traditions call GUI widget—a control element in graphical user interface. This naming convention remains in continuing use. It is not known whether other software companies are explicitly drawing on that inspiration when featuring the word in names of their technologies or simply referring to the generic meaning. The word widget is older in this context. In the movie “Back to School” from 1986 by Alan Metter, there is a scene where an economics professor Dr. Barbay, wants to start for educational purposes a fictional company that produces “widgets: It’s a fictional product.” Gadgets must work if just included with no further configuration. They can be configurable via personal common.js, but must work unconfigured. Gadgets must be compatible with all major browsers, i.e. they must not terminate with errors. Microsoft Gadgets are lightweight single-purpose applications, or software widgets, that can sit on a Microsoft Windows user’s computer desktop, or are hosted on a web page. According to Microsoft, it will be possible for the different types of gadgets to run on different environments without modification, but this is currently not the case.

    Gadgets are sometimes referred to as gizmos. The term “Gadget” was a laboratory euphemism for a bomb, from which the laboratory’s weapon physics division, “G Division”, took its name in August 1944. At that time it did not refer specifically to the Trinity Test device as it had yet to be developed, but once it was, it became the laboratory code name. The Trinity Gadget was officially a Y-1561 device, as was the Fat Man used a few weeks later in the bombing of Nagasaki. The two were very similar, with only minor differences, the most obvious being the absence of fuzing and the external ballistic casing. The bombs were still under development, and small changes continued to be made to the Fat Man design. To keep the design as simple as possible, a near solid spherical core was chosen rather than a hollow one, although calculations showed that a hollow core would be more efficient in its use of plutonium. The core was compressed to prompt super-criticality by the implosion generated by the high explosive lens. This design became known as a “Christy Core”. A trial assembly of the Gadget without the active components or explosive lenses was carried out by the bomb assembly team headed by Norris Bradbury at Los Alamos on July 3. It was driven to Trinity and back. A set of explosive lenses arrived on July 7, followed by a second set on July 10. Each was examined by Bradbury and Kistiakowsky, and the best ones were selected for use. The Gadget was hoisted to the top of a 100-foot (30 m) steel tower. The height would give a better indication of how the weapon would behave when dropped from a bomber, as detonation in the air would maximize the amount of energy applied directly to the target (as the explosion expanded in a spherical shape) and would generate less nuclear fallout. The tower stood on four legs that went 20 feet (6.1 m) into the ground, with concrete footings. Atop it was an oak platform, and a shack made of corrugated iron that was open on the western side. The Gadget was hauled up with an electric winch. A truckload of mattresses was placed underneath in case the cable broke and the Gadget fell.

    Google Gadgets are dynamic web content that can be embedded on a web page. They can be added to and interact strongly with Google’s iGoogle personalized home page (discontinued in November 2013, although iGoogle Gadgets still work on other websites) and the Google Desktop (discontinued in September 2011) application, as well as Google Wave (also no longer supported by Google) and Google Sites. Webmasters can add and customize a gadget to their own business or personal web site, a process called “syndication”. Google Gadgets are written in XML and can have HTML and Javascript components, and were able to use Google Wave. With the advent of Google Wave (now Apache Wave), gadgets became able to have persistent storage and multi-user capabilities and better state management. Gadgets using Google Wave in this way were simply known as ‘Wave Gadgets’. For instance, a game written using a Google Gadget could use Google Wave technology to record a list of users and high scores without having to worry about how to permanently store the scores on a hosted server. The use of Google Wave would give the gadget multi-user and permanent storage capabilities. For example, scores could be stored in a Google Wave hosted permanently by Google at no cost to the user. The Gadget Show is a British television series which focuses on consumer technology. The show previews and reviews the latest gadgets, and broadcasts the latest technology news. The show is aimed at giving the mass consumer an insight into the gadget world and in addition, it aims to give enough information for the more “geeky” or knowledgeable audience, but still making it accessible to the more casual viewer. The show has featured Blu-ray Discs, video cameras, MP3 players, Internet multi media tablets and other technologies.


  • What is Hallermann-Streiff Syndrome

    Hallermann-Streiff syndrome is a rare, congenital condition characterized mainly by abnormalities of the skull and facial bones; characteristic facial features; sparse hair; eye abnormalities; dental defects; degenerative skin changes; and proportionate short stature. The signs and symptoms of Hallermann-Streiff syndrome vary in range and severity among affected individuals. The main features of the condition include abnormalities of the skull and facial bones with distinctive facial characteristics (craniofacial abnormalities); ocular (eye) abnormalities; dental abnormalities; and/or short stature. Craniofacial features may include a short, broad head (brachycephaly) with an unusually prominent forehead and/or sides of the skull (frontal bossing); a small, underdeveloped lower jaw (micrognathia); a narrow, highly arched roof of the mouth (palate); and a thin, pinched, tapering nose (beaked nose). Ocular abnormalities may include clouding of the lenses of the eyes at birth (congenital cataracts); unusually small eyes (microphthalmia); and/or other abnormalities. Dental defects may include the presence of teeth at birth (natal teeth) and/or absence, malformation, or improper alignment of teeth.
    Hypotrichosis (sparse hair) is present in about 80 percent of affected individuals. Other features may include skin atrophy of the face, and/or hypoplasia (underdevelopment) of the clavicles and ribs. Intellectual disability is present in some cases (approximately 15 percent). In many cases, additional abnormalities are present. The genetic cause of Hallerman-Streiff syndrome has not been identified. It reportedly typically occurs randomly for unknown reasons (sporadically), most likely due to a new spontaneous (de novo) mutation in the affected individual. The majority of cases of Hallermann-Streiff syndrome appear to be sporadic (occurring in individuals with no history of the condition in the family). There have been reports of affected individuals having multiple, unaffected children. Although some have reported it appears to be inherited in an autosomal recessive manner in a small number of cases, others have argued that there is little evidence for this being a recessively inherited disorder. Therefore, the mode of inheritance of the condition remains unclear. Research genetic tests may be used to find disease-causing genes, learn how genes work, or aid in the understanding of a genetic disorder. In many cases test results are not shared with the patient or physician.

    Treatment for Hallermann-Streiff syndrome depends on the specific signs and symptoms present in each affected individual. Early disease management for infants may include monitoring of breathing, consideration of tracheostomy, and various measures to improve feeding and ensure sufficient intake of nutrients. Although early surgical removal of cataracts may be recommended to help preserve vision, some studies have suggested that spontaneous cataract absorption may occur in up to 50% of untreated patients. Regular appointments with an ophthalmologist are strongly recommended to identify and treat other eye abnormalities, some of which may require surgical intervention. With respect to dental anomalies, natal/neonatal teeth (teeth present at birth) may be incorrectly diagnosed as extra teeth and there may be a tendency to extract them. However, the loss of teeth may worsen glossoptosis (posteriorly location of the tongue) or cause other complications. It has thus been recommended to preserve prematurely erupting teeth to facilitate eating until the existence of successional permanent teeth can be confirmed. Ensuring good dental hygiene is also important. Management of the condition may also include surgical reconstruction of certain craniofacial malformations (particularly the mandibular and nasal region) at the appropriate age. For some affected infants and children with heart defects, medical treatment and/or surgical intervention may be recommended. There have been 70 rare cases reported in literature. Most cases have been sporadic (but with high frequency of parental consanguinity) with no sex predilection. Autosomal recessive and dominant forms have been reported. Based on clinical features and clinical course. Radiographic examination of the temporomandibular joints shows a characteristic change. The syndrome associates a bird-like facies with hypoplastic mandible (in all dimensions) and “parrot-beaked” nose, microphthalmia, and congenital cataract. The cornea is small (diameter <11 mm) and coloboma is common, confirming the early disturbance of eye development.

    Hypoplastic mandible, high arched palate, microstomia, glossoptosis, natal teeth (inconstant), and hypodontia with malformed teeth contribute to the recognizable facial features of the patients. Proportionate dwarfism, hypotrichosis, skin atrophy, hypoplastic clavicles and ribs, and daytime hypersomnolence are usual. Mental retardation is observed in 15% of patients. Because of a narrow upper airway and most often associated tracheomalacia, there is a danger of upper airway obstruction, particularly during the neonatal period and infancy. Obstruction may be a result of small nares and glossoptosis secondary to micrognathia, which may result in cor pulmonale. Tracheomalacia is a frequent complication that can lead to chronic respiratory insufficiency (subsequent biventricular cardiac failure and death has been reported in a 6-month-old infant). Sleep apnea is common in these patients. Airway management represents the most significant anesthetic consideration. Maintenance of spontaneous respiration is highly recommended until the airway has been secured. Alternative airway management technique (e.g., fiberoptic, retrograde intubating technique, etc.) must be available. A laryngeal mask might be useful but the presence of severe microstomia may prevent its insertion. The potential for cardiovascular involvement and pulmonary hypertension must be accounted. Postoperative mechanical ventilation may be required.


  • OH! NO Not the January Sales….

    The Postman returning stealthily in the first week of January. And it’s not good news. All the bills you didn’t bother to pay before Christmas are back with a vengeance, there are ominously sealed envelopes from the gas and electricity companies, as well as from the Motor Tax Office and the phone company. Even the bank. In fact it seems that virtually anybody who you ever owed money to wants it. The house seemed warm and cheery, with no guilt about keeping the heating on all day. But January feels like a slap in the face, after forking out for Christmas, then comes the January sales which seem to start on Boxing day and not January the 1st, Extra layers of clothing are donned. There’s a bleak landscape that only improves when the sun occasionally breaks through during the excruciatingly short days. There’s nothing more depressing than going into the shops during the sales and spotting that book/CD/DVD you bought in December, now going for less than half price, the real problem with sales is that you still can’t afford to indulge yourself because the next pay day won’t arrive until the the end of the month. So what do you do, hit the sales and max out the credit card. The fact that all this darkness, drizzle and lack of light affects our state of mind. It’s boomtime for holiday companies as we dream of faraway climes with sunny beaches and balmy weather. And seeing bikini-clad beauties such as Rosanna Davison and Andrea Corr frolicking on beaches in Mauritius and Barbados only makes things worse, there is a natural feeling of deflation and depression after the excitement of Christmas. It’s a month for going to work in the dark and coming home in the dark. After a Christmas break of lie-ins, it’s cruel to be re-setting the alarm clock for an un-Godly hour. It feels like the middle of the night when the alarm goes off. it will probably take you until March for some sort of order in your finances return, even the you already thinking bout the summer holidays. There’s is an easy way not to spend anything in the January sales, don’t take too much money or credit cards with you, just window shop and think about the bills you have to pay, January sales these days get extended into February anyway, some people actually shop in the sales to get there presents for the following Christmas. what reminds you that it’s the start of a new years is the thing you took down last week, It’s out there and it seems to be staring at you every time you leave the house. all you could do was throw it in the garden.

    I might be alone in this one, but I HATE January sales. Not only are all the things you bought last week now half the price, but you have spent your entire December payslip. Beating the January blues and other mood disorders. The partying and excesses of the festive season are over and for many it’s back to work. It is no wonder that January can feel to some like the gloomiest month of the year. New year resolutions don’t seem to help, January is a busy time for lifestyle changes: we take out gym memberships, look at job ads, browse for holidays, start diets and give up smoking. The trouble is, few of the above give instant results. In the meantime, we still have to clear our credit cards, squeeze into our tighter clothes and get on with a less-than-inspiring job with pay day weeks away and no bank holiday on the horizon. January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars and the first month to have the length of 31 days. The first day of the month is known as New Year’s Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere (where it is the second month of winter) and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere (where it is the second month of summer). In the Southern hemisphere, January is the seasonal equivalent of July in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa., forget the sales, stay at home and just keep warm.

    If you don’t want to spend too much money after Christmas, then a good idea is to find what the events in your area are, most are free anyway like London’s New Year’s Day Parade gets the year off to a great start. Join the thousands of onlookers and cheer on the marching brass bands, colourful performers and elaborate floats as they wind their way through the city on New Year’s Day. But, Shops are bending over backwards this New Year to tempt us through their doors, with many sales already well underway having kicked off as early as boxing day. It’s easy enough to overspend on any shopping trip, but it becomes even easier in the sales as every half-price item seems such a bargain that you simply have to buy it. However, these bargains can soon add up and before you know it you’ve spent over £100 on things that you don’t need or will never wear. So plan ahead before you hit the high street, set yourself a budget and make a list of the things that you really need. If you subsequently find them, or something similar, in the sales then you’ve bagged yourself a bargain, if you don’t stick to your wish list and blow your budget on things you don’t need, sales shopping can quickly become a false economy. Even if you have saved hundreds on the normal retail price of these products, it’s wasted money if you never use them. It’s probably the last thing on your mind in January, but the sales are the perfect time to buy cards, wrapping paper and even presents for next Christmas. Many of these items will be massively reduced as shops try to get rid of their surplus stock and when was the last time you heard someone saying the paper you wrapped their presents in was ‘so last year’?, you can pick up items that can be used as birthday presents for friends and family throughout the year. as i said before, i hate January sales, but if you’re savvy enough, it may save you money in the long run.


  • Is There a Real Life Scrooge ??

    Ebenezer Scrooge is the main character of Charles Dickens’ 1843 novel A Christmas Carol. He is a selfish and miserly old man who works as an Investment Banker and Commodities broker in London. A scrooge is a person who is stingy with money: scrooges would rather do anything than part with a buck. The novels of Charles Dickens have contributed more than a dozen words that found their way into everyday language. Scrooge, the chief character from A Christmas Carol, is perhaps the best-known of them all. Perhaps Dickens’ best-known character is Ebenezer Scrooge, from A Christmas Carol -who, it turns out, was inspired by a real person. John Elwes (1714-1789) was born John Meggot. He was orphaned at an early age. His father, a wealthy London brewer named Robert Meggot, died when the boy was only four. At the beginning of the novella, Scrooge is a cold-hearted miser who despises Christmas. Dickens describes him thus: “The cold within him froze his old features, nipped his pointed nose, shrivelled his cheek, stiffened his gait; made his eyes red, his thin lips blue; and spoke out shrewdly in his grating voice.” Ebenezer Scrooge symbolizes the part of the upper class which is concerned only with themselves and the amount of money they can make. A spartan existence is kind of like being a monk. Your room is bare, you live simply and eat sparingly, and your sheets are probably scratchy. In ancient Greece, there were two great city states: Athens and Sparta. … A spartan life is a life of discipline and self-denial. Some people like it like that. Ebenezer Scrooge. ” Lifelong bachelor maintains keen interest in paranormal; claims to pick stocks by consulting with “˜Ghost of Christmas Future.'” Gotta love it. Net Worth: $8 billion by today’s standard. A few years after Ebenezer Scrooge’s death Tiny Tim also died. These were the sad events that history was supposed to record. However, when the ghosts of Christmas interfered one night in 1843 everything changed forever. Ebenezer Scrooge became a good man, a caring man, a kind man. Dickens did not explicitly say what Tiny Tim’s illness was. However, renal tubular acidosis (type 1), which is a type of kidney failure causing the blood to become acidic, has been proposed as one possibility, another being rickets (caused by a lack of Vitamin D). Relationship with Scrooge and Marley. In A Christmas Carol, Marley is the first character mentioned in the first line of the story. Jacob Marley is said to have died seven years earlier on Christmas Eve (as the setting is Christmas Eve 1843, this would have made the date of his passing December 24, 1836).

    Scrooge is a 1951 British fantasy drama film and an adaptation of Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol (1843). It stars Alastair Sim as Ebenezer Scrooge, and was produced and directed by Brian Desmond Hurst, with a screenplay by Noel Langley. It was released as A Christmas Carol in the United States. A Christmas Carol is an allegory in that it features events and characters with a clear, fixed symbolic meaning. In the novella, Scrooge represents all the values that are opposed to the idea of Christmas–greed, selfishness, and a lack of goodwill toward one’s fellow man. Scrooge is clearly upset by these painful visions. Yet, by showing Scrooge his past, the ghost reminds him that he had a past, and was not always alone and unhappy. The Ghost of Christmas Present picks up where Past let off. He wants to teach Scrooge the same lesson. Bob Cratchit is a fictional character in the Charles Dickens novel A Christmas Carol. The abused, underpaid clerk of Ebenezer Scrooge (and possibly Jacob Marley, when he was still alive), Cratchit has come to symbolize poor working conditions, especially long working hours. Mr. Fezziwig is a character from the novel A Christmas Carol created by Charles Dickens to provide contrast with Ebenezer Scrooge’s attitudes towards business ethics. Scrooge, who apprenticed under Fezziwig, is the very antithesis of the person he worked for as a young man, a score or so of films have been made of the story, some called A Christmas Carol and others, simply, scrooge. scrooge is still with us, not just in print but embodied in the cold hearts and selfish calculations of misanthropes everywhere.

    John Elwes [né Meggot or Meggott] (a.k.a. “Elwes the Miser”), MP (7 April 1714 – 26 November 1789) was a Member of Parliament (MP) in Great Britain for Berkshire (1772–1784) and a noted eccentric and miser, suggested to be an inspiration for the character of Ebenezer Scrooge in Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol. Dickens made reference to Elwes some years later in his last novel, Our Mutual Friend. Elwes was also believed to inspire William Harrison Ainsworth to create the character of John Scarfe in his novel The Miser’s Daughter. On assuming his uncle’s fortune, however, Elwes also assumed his uncle’s miserly ways. He went to bed when darkness fell so as to save on candles. He began wearing only ragged clothes, including a beggar’s cast-off wig he found in a hedge and wore for two weeks. His clothes were so dilapidated that many mistook him for a common street beggar, and would put a penny into his hand as they passed. To avoid paying for a coach he would walk in the rain, and then sit in wet clothes to save the cost of a fire to dry them. His house was full of expensive furniture but also moulding food. He would eat putrefied game before allowing new food to be bought. On one occasion it was said that he ate a moorhen that a rat had pulled from a river. Rather than spend the money for repairs he allowed his spacious country mansion to become uninhabitable. A near relative once stayed at his home in the country, but the bedroom was in such a poor state that the relative was awakened in the night by rain pouring on him from the roof. After searching in vain for a bell, the relative was forced to move his bed several times, until he found a place where he could remain dry. The famed miser was also known to sleep in the same worn garments he wore during the day. He was discovered one morning between the sheets with his tattered shoes on his feet, an old torn hat on his head, and a stick in his hand. It was in this condition he died on 26 November 1789.